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Neue Publikation: Transport disrupted – Substituting public transport by bike or car under Covid 19

New Publication: Transport disrupted – Substituting public transport by bike or car under Covid 19

© T. Kleiner-Schäfer, 2020

Kerstin J. Schaefer and Leonie Tuitjer published a joint article with Meike Levin-Keitel from TU Dortmund titled "Transport disrupted – Substituting public transport by bike or car under Covid 19" in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. The Covid 19 pandemic has caused dramatic disruptions in the public transport sector that has seen a stark downturn in many cities across the globe, calling into question previous efforts to reduce air pollution and CO2 emissions by expanding this sector. In this paper, we analyze survey data from June 2020 on the use of transportation modes before and during the pandemic in the Hanover Region. We ask if and how the over 4.000 participants substitute public transport and what characterizes those who chose biking over individual car use. We use multivariate regression models and find evidence that Stadtbahn (local light rail) and bus are substituted by bike, car and working from home. The data also shows that women have a higher level of fear of infection than men have during public transport use and therefore reduce public transport use more. Moreover, income displays a positive effect on increased car use while cycling is independent of socio-economic indicators but instead driven by the eco-consciousness of users. Surprisingly, we find that car use was increased in particular by residents of Hanover city, while it was decreased by residents of less densely populated urban areas in the region.

The article is publicly available until 13th of November.